Ocean observation infrastructures

To carry out its research IFREMER relies on operational oceanography.

Measurements via satellite and in situ measurements of various parameters (temperature, salinity, pH, oxygen concentrations) are essential for a good understanding of the physical, chemical, biological and climate processes that govern the oceans.   These ocean observation data are collected in several European and international networks and infrastructures: EMSO, ILICO, CORIOLIS, EURO ARGO, Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service.


EMSO (European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and Water Column Observatory) is a European Research Infrastructure (RI) whose objective is long term, real-time monitoring of the environmental processes involving the interactions between the geosphere, the biosphere and the hydrosphere, and natural hazards in particular.


Euro-Argo is the European contribution to the international Argo network comprised of nearly 4000 autonomous floating profilers that record temperature and salinity in real time from the sea surface to depths reaching 2000 m in all the oceans across the globe.

Copernicus Marine Environnement and Monitoring Service

The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) is a service that endeavours to provide free and open access to routine and scientifically authenticated data on the physical and biogeochemical state of the oceans across the globe, at the surface and in the depths: temperature, salinity, sea level, currents, sea ice, oxygen, chlorophyll, etc.


Created in December 2015, the Coastal and Nearshore Research Infrastructure (Infrastructure de Recherche LIttorale et CÔtière — IR I-LICO) aims to observe and study coastal and near-shore areas in their entirety.


Coriolis is an integrated in situ ocean observation infrastructure for the needs of operational oceanography and climate research.  The scope of Coriolis was extended in 2014 and now covers all of the (near-) permanent French offshore and high-frequency coastal networks.